Thanks to Google and Wikipedia, I found: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riemann_hypothesis.
Which, in turn, lead to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riemann_zeta_function, where two things have always seemed too cool to me (in a totally math-geek sorta way):
1) That a series like this can result in the value pi; somewhat like a mystical incantation, where each term leads closer to unleashing the magic.
And, even cooler:
2) That the equation is directly and provably related to primes; written in long form:
To smarter folks than I, these relationships may seem intuitively obvious. But, to me they offer a window on relationships in mathematics that seem nearly magical. To me, that's cool.